Gabriel Kuhl

Gabriel Kuhl

Schlossgasse – 19

Owner 1932: Gabriel Kuhl

Gabriel Kuhl was a butcher. He and his wife Hannchen died in the thirties in Unsleben and are buried in the cemetery there.

The house was taken over by his son Richard (1891) and his family. Richard was also butcher and did kosher butchering. He together with his wife Frieda (1892) and the children Klara (1922), Leo (1949 and Hermann (1933) have been deported in 1942 via Würzburg to Izbica.

The house was then taken over by Erwin Bardroff who in his active life was working in the nearby granary of the Naumann family. In his late years he functioned as a housekeeper for the synagogue.

Geschwister Liebenthal

Geschwister Liebenthal

171 Hauptstrase

Owner 1932: Geschwister Liebenthal

The villa for four families has been built 1928 as the second new building by Jews, after about 100 years earlier Männlein Donnerstag had built his home, the so called Donnerstaghaus (house no. 75+76).

Fritz Liebenthal (1905), the youngest of the Liebenthal children was still single, he was one of the three personally liable associates of Fa. Zschökel. The firm had an active export to the USA. He evetently alreay in the middle of the 1930ties had visited the USA. Probably therefor he was able in 1939 directly enter the USA.

Heinrich Liebenthal (1897) was married to Anny Neuhaus (1908), they had a daughter Elisabeth(1930). Heinrich was one of the three personally liable associates of the firm Zschökel. All his brothers and sister Toni as well as her husband Max Moritz have been employed by the firm, but evidently he was the main responsible person. The firm has been founded in 1892 in Leipzig, most probably by his uncle Josef or has been taken over by him. They produced electrotechnical devices, e.g. door bells, transmitters. Josef died without having children. In the context of his business education Heinrich spent already one year (1913) in the firm in Leipzig. In 1914 the firm has been transferred to Unsleben. In the 1930ties the firm employed 37 workers. The firm had plenty of export orders and therefore was an important economic factor. As a Jewish firm it was a thorn in the side of the Nazis and should be Aryanized as soon as possible. A starting point was a tax control 1936. Because of an expected tax evasion the president of the inland­revenue office asked for arresting Heinrich, Otto and Fritz Liebenthal. On 14.12.1936 the tax case was declared as finished and the reason for arresting without support, nevertheless the prisoners have been sent on Dec. 17, 1936 to the concentration camp in Dachau. A 12­page letter of an attorney send to the Gestapo of München should witness the emptiness and incompatible act of continued arresting. Maybe the letter has been forwarded to Berlin. In any case on 22.2.1937 a personal decision of the RFSS (Reichsfüher SS, Heinrich Himmler) came from Berlin that the prisoners have to be released.

During the pogrom night Heinrich and his brother­in­law happened to be in Meiningen. The day after they reported at the police, but their absentence from Unsleben has been looked at as an escape and therefor they have been sent to the KZ Buchenwald. Now it was important for the NSDAP, that the firm be Aryanized as soon as possible, because parts of the Liebenthal family had already emigrated. Therefor Heinrich was requested to come free in order to sign the contract of transition of the firm attested by a notary. So the firm was taken over by Hans Hahn and Karl Bittorf and has been carried on by them. They also moved with their families into the villa. Heinrich L. emigrated with his family on April 29, 1939 via Havanna to the USA. After the war the Liebenthal reclaimed their firm and property and carried on with the help of an administrator, but in the 1970ties they sold their property. A last visit of Heinrich ́s daughter Elisabeth with husband, her daughter and son­in­law took place in July 2001.

Julius Liebenthal (1893) was married to Tilly(1901) and they had two boys, Adolf(1924) and Erich(1927). They lived like all the young Liebenthal families in the villa, which has been built in 1928, as the second new building erected by Jews about 100 years after the first one by Männlein Donnerstag (house no. 75+76). Julius has been told to be blind and therefor also not a personal liable associate of the firm. Julius Liebenthal emigrated with his family in 1939 via Havanna to the USA.

Max Moriz (1889) was the husband of Toni Liebenthal (1896), a sister of the four Liebenthal brothers. Both were employed in Fa.Zschökel. They had three children, Adolf (1923), Kurt (1924) and Ilse (1928). The family emigrated on 27.4.1939 to Chile.

Otto Liebenthal (1894) was one of the three personally liable associates of the Fa. Zschökel. He was married to Nelly (1900), they had two girls, Grete (1926) and Alice (1930). Otto was together with Heinrich and Fritz in 1936 in the concentration camp Dachau. He emigrated with his family immediately after the progrom night via Havanna to the USA.

Frieda Mittel

Frieda Mittel

117 Hauptstrase

Owner 1932: Frieda Mittel

Frieda Mittel (1875) was a widow, her husband Simon Mittel (1868) already died in 1916. She was dealer in textiles.
She had four children. Her youngest one Arthur (1899) left Germany in 1936 to the USA.
Frieda Mittel followed him in 1938.

Leopold Brandus

Leopold Brandus

16 Schlossgasse

owner 1932: Leopold Brandus

Leopold Brandus (1899) already died at age 32 in 1931 and left behind his wife Mali and two daughters, Klara (1927) and Doris (1929). In the same house also lived Leopold ́s single brother Julius (1905), his father Siegmund, who died in 1936 in Unsleben. The Brandus family was cattle traders, Julius also traded with machines.

Mali together with her daughters Klara and Doris and her brother­in­law Julius emigrated in the last days of 1937 to Montevideo/Uruguay.

The family structure of the Brandus family:

0. Gerst Brandus *1765 + 17.02.1845
1. Jacob Brandus * 1803 + 29.07.1882
verheiratet mit/married to Miriam Friedenbach *1802 +12.06.1876

1.1 Marianne * 17.10.1832, vermutlich unverheiratet, aus Unsleben abgewandert
1.1.1 Karoline * 27.09.1858, verheiratet mit/married to Altmann
1931 Pfründnerin/beneficiary Israel. Pfründnerspital Würzburg, Dürerstr. 20
1943 Köchin/cook Altenheim Würzburg, Bibrastr. 6
17.06.1943 deportiert nach/deported to Theresienstadt

1.2 Seligmann * 24.01.1835, + 12.03.1839
1.3 Abraham * 01.04.1837 + 09.08.1913
verheiratet mit/married to Hanna Stein, Oberfladungen * 1834 + 04.07.1893

1.3.1 Siegmund * 30.01.1868 + 11.11.1936
1. Ehe/marriage Klara Forchheimer, Thüngen + 03.01.1921
2. Ehe Regina *25.02.1873 in Weimarschmieden, 02.11.1937 verzogen nach/
moved to Mellrichstadt, 1942 Würzburg, Dürerstr.20, 23.09.1942 Deportation Theresienstadt, dort gestorben am /died there on 10.11.1942 (Darmkatarrh/enteric) Leopold *1899 + 05.03.1931
verheiratet mit/married to Mali * 16.05.1903 in Beiseförth, ausgewandert/emigrated 27.12.1937 nach/to

Montevideo/Uruguay Claire, * 23.09.1927, 27.12.1937 nach/to Montevideo/Uruguay Doris, * 17.08.1929, 27.12.1937 nach/to Montevideo/Uruguay Julius, * 03.11.1905, ausgewandert/emigrated 27.12.1937 nach/to

1.3.2 Sophie *27.07.1869, Lebenslauf unbekannt/itinary unknown

1.3.3 Carolina * 12.09.1870 + 28.06.1930

1.3.4 Anna * 10.09.1872, genannt/also Nanni, 23.09.1942 Deportation nach/to Theresienstadt

1.4 Hannchen * 04.11.1843, Lebenslauf unbekannt/ curriculum vitae unknown

Heinemann Kuhl

Heinemann Kuhl

15 Schlossgasse

Owner 1932:
Heinemann Kuhl

The house originally has been acquired by Alois Stockheimer and later by his daughter sold to Karlein.
Heineman Kuhl (1865) was horse trader and lived together with his son Herbert (1906) and his son Justin(1904) and his family in house no. 15 (now Schlossgasse 7). Justin traded agricultural and household machines.
Heinemann Kuhl emigrated with son Herbert to the CSSR in 1938. Justin emigrated with his wife Marie (1911) and son Hans Max (1935) in 1938 to New York/USA.